UNC-CH has implemented use of a system know as ecrt (Effort Certification & Reporting Technology) to comply with federal requirements for sponsored research. This replaces the previous paper PARS reports. Educational institutions which receive federal funding are required by the OMB Circular A-21 "Cost Principles for Educational Institutions" to maintain an effort reporting system, the purpose of which is to assure that the distribution of pay is in accordance with actual effort expended (by funding source and activity). All individual paid from, with cost sharing or with effort committed to a sponsored project are required to complete an effort report, per federal regulations. The system requires semi-annual certification by EPA employees and quarterly certification by SPA employees. Email notifications are sent automatically at each certificate date.