1931 - 1932 Louis Round Wilson
1932 - 1935 Susan Grey Akers (acting director)
1935 - 1942 Susan Grey Akers
1942 - 1954 Susan Grey Akers
1954 - 1960 Lucile Kelling Henderson
1960 - Aug. 31, 1964 Carlyle J. Frarey (acting dean)
Sept. 1, 1964 - 1967 Margaret E. Kalp (acting dean)
1967 - July 1970 Walter A. Sedelow, Jr.
July 1970 - Dec. 31, 1971 Raymond L. Carpenter, Jr. (acting dean)
Jan. 1, 1972 - June 30, 1985 Edward G. Holley
July 1, 1985 - June 30, 1990 Evelyn H. Daniel
July 1, 1990 - Dec. 31, 1998 Barbara B. Moran
Jan. 1, 1999 - June 30, 2004 Joanne Gard Marshall
Aug. 23, 2004 - Apr. 30, 2009 José-Marie Griffiths
May 1, 2009 - March 31, 2010 Barbara B. Moran
April 1, 2010 - Present Gary Marchionini
Born on Dec. 27, 1876, Louis Round Wilson's career at the University of North Carolina embraced much of his professional life. During his 31-year tenure as university librarian, he was a major figure in the development of the university as well as its library and school of library science.
At various periods, in addition to his post as librarian, Wilson promoted and served as director of university extension, founded and directed the UNC Press, served as a fundraiser and edited the Alumni Review. He was one of the founders of the North Carolina Library Association (1904), served as first chairman of the North Carolina Library Commission (1909-1916), worked diligently with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in creating library standards, and was a founder and subsequent president of the Southeastern Library Association.
After three decades of phenomenal achievement in North Carolina and the Southeast, Wilson accepted the invitation of Robert Maynard Hutchins to become dean of the Graduate Library School of the University of Chicago. That school, established with a million-dollar grant from the Carnegie Corporation in 1926, had not made much progress during its first half-dozen years. However, the decade of Wilson's deanship (1932-42) proved to be a golden age for library education.
The Chicago Graduate Library School became a beehive of activity as Wilson, his faculty and his doctoral students probed into various facets of librarianship, wrote articles and books, and came to dominate the profession intellectually.
Wilson's publication record, already extensive at Chicago, continued after his retirement to Chapel Hill in 1942. He undertook the editorship of the 18-volume Sesquicentennial History of the University of North Carolina, was the co-author with Maurice F. Tauber of another landmark work, The University Library, and wrote three volumes of UNC history.
He taught part-time in the School of Library Science until 1959 and served as a adviser to President William C. Friday until 1969. He also conducted numerous university surveys, as well as a survey of the region, Libraries of the Southeast, the latter with Marian A. Milczewski. He marked the centenary of his birth with publication of a new book, Louis Round Wilson's Historical Sketches, issued a month before the celebration.
Active in the American Library Association, Wilson accepted membership on the Board of Education for Librarianship during its second year and served from 1925 to 1932. He was the ALA president (1935-36) and was one of the ALA officials chiefly interested in federal support for libraries. In 1951, the ALA presented Wilson its highest award, honorary membership. In his centennial year, the ALA added to his other honors the Melvil Dewey Medal.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Spring 1980 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Wilson's death on Dec. 10, 1979, at the age of 102.)
Dr. Susan Grey Akers was one of the school's original faculty members. At that time, no one realized that one year later, when Louis Round Wilson would leave to go to the University of Chicago, Akers would be named acting director of the school.
Recognized from the beginning for her brilliant leadership, she was made director of the school in 1935, and in 1942 her title was changed to dean. Being the first woman to hold an academic deanship at the University, she had to overcome a lot of raised eyebrows. There could not have been a better person to break the all-male domination of deanships on the campus. By her actions, she quickly demonstrated to all faculty members that she deserved her lofty position.
Susan Grey Akers served as dean until 1954 and continued to teach until 1959. She gave encouragement and help to other women seeking faculty positions, and although progress was slow, women began to be recognized for their talents. Dr. Akers set an example that at least made the administration realize that there was a place for women in the academic world.
“She was gracious, friendly and scholarly,” then UNC President William C. Friday said, “and will be remembered as one of the leaders in teaching and administrating as the University grew from a relatively small campus to a large, complex institution. The University is grateful for the contributions of this great lady.”
Dr. Edward G. Holley, dean of the school at the time of Akers' death in 1984, stated, “[Susan] established the foundations upon which the school's subsequent reputation has been built.”
In 1931, Dr. Akers secured the second $100,000 Carnegie Foundation endowment that made the school's continued existence possible. She earned her doctoral degree from the University of Chicago in 1932, and at that time was only the fourth person, and second woman, in the United States, to hold a doctorate in library science.
Most successful people in this world have a keen sense of humor to carry them through the tough roads they are forced to travel. Dr. Akers kept her sense of humor to the very end. At the school's 50th anniversary celebration in 1981, she attended a reception in her honor and when Dr. Holley saluted her by saying, “Miss Akers, I'm glad you came,” she replied with a twinkle in her eye, “So am I.”
Dr. Akers pioneered the cause for women on this campus and she brought the University many honors. A lady with these credentials should not be soon forgotten.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This article originally ran in The Chapel Hill Newspaper in 1984 and was reprinted with permission in the Spring 1984 issues of News from Chapel Hill, the newsletter of the School of Library Science)
Lucile Kelling Henderson joined the UNC faculty in 1932, and was dean from 1954 until her retirement in 1960. She supervised the school's transition from a fifth-year bachelor of library science degree program to a master of science program.
During her deanship, the Epsilon chapter of Beta Phi Mu, the natural honor society, was chartered at UNC. The former dean was considered ahead of her time by many, advocating the establishment of a doctoral program in library and information science, which did not occur until 1977.
“She was one of those very dedicated and highly capable people who did so much to give the university at Chapel Hill its great reputation,” said William C. Friday, president of the William R. Kenan Jr. Fund and president emeritus of the UNC system, who knew Henderson as a colleague and neighbor. “What she did through the school as its leader had enormous impact on libraries throughout the state and region.”
“Henderson was one of the first teachers employed by the School, which was established in 1931,” said Dr. Edward Holley, William R. Kenan professor and former dean of the School. “Her former students always tell me what an excellent teacher she was.”
Before coming to UNC, the Minnesota native taught at the University of Southern California, Mills College, Columbia University and New York State Teachers College. Henderson was the author of a dozen books and monographs, including Berbard Shaw Around the World and joint author of Index Verborum Juvenalis. She also wrote numerous articles in professional magazines and many short stories. She received her bachelor of arts degree from Whitman College in 1917 and her bachelor of library science degree from New York State Library School in 1921.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Fall 1990 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Henderson's death on July, 29, 1990, at the age of 95.)
Born in Springwater, New York, April 1, 1918, Carlyle Frarey was educated at Canandaigua Academy, Canandaigua, N.Y., and Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, where he received the B.A. degree in 1939.
After service in World War II in the Army Air Force, Mr. Frarey entered the school of Library Service of Columbia University, from which he received a B.S. degree in 1947, and an M.S. in 1952.
In 1952, he was appointed assistant librarian, Duke University, Durham, N.C. In 1954, he was appointed Associate Professor, School of Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. For four years, he served as acting dean of the School of Library Science, during which time the curriculum of the school was revised and reaccreditation of the school by the Committee on Accreditation of the American Library Association took place.
In 1964, Frarey returned to Columbia University as senior lecturer in the School of Library Service and as assistant to the dean. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and of Beta Phi Mu, the national library science honor society.
Frarey was an active member of the American Library Association, the Association of American Library Schools, the New York State Library Association, the New York Technical Services Librarians, and the Archons of Colophon, holding offices and committee appointments in all of them. He was a frequent contributor to library periodicals, and served as managing editor of both the Journal of Cataloging and Classification, 1953-56, and Library Resources and Technical Services, 1957 to 1960. From 1957 to 1969 he was a member of the Dewey Decimal Classification Editorial Policy Committee, Forest Press, Inc., Lake Placid Club Education Foundation, serving as its chairman from 1965 to 1969.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Fall 1976 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Frarey's death on Mar. 13, 1976, at the age of 58.)
A native of Middletown, NY, and a graduate of Douglass College, Margaret Kalp received her M.A. degree in library science from the University of Michigan. She also studied at Rutgers University and the University of Chicago. Before joining the UNC faculty she taught at the Hampton Institute Library School and at George Peabody College.
Of Kalp, UNC President William Friday said, “Margaret Kalp served the University faithfully and well. Those of us privileged to be her friend will greatly miss this gracious lady.” UNC at Chapel Hill Provost J. Charles Morrow said Kalp “served with great effectiveness as a professor and administrator. The university and her colleagues are much in her debt for her leadership, dedication and able services.”
Kalp served the North Carolina Library Association as president, the American Library Association as a member of its council, and the Association of American Library Schools and the American Association of School Librarians as a member of the board of directors. She held a membership on the faculty of the Hampton Institute Library School during the last two years of its existence, 1937-39, long before civil rights legislation had been enacted. She had a keen appreciation for each individual regardless of race, creed or station in life.
She served as teacher, full-time administrator, and part-time administrator of the UNC School of Library Science for 30 years. Many of her students consistently gave her high marks for her teaching ability and they frequently consulted her about their career plans.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Summer 1978 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Kalp's death on April 26, 1978, at the age of 63.)
Walter A. Sedelow, Jr., served as dean just before the School's move to Manning Hall in 1970.
During his three-year tenure, he invited a number of lecturers to speak at the School and adjusted the curriculum to reflect an increasing emphasis on computer-related assistance for the librarian. He resigned in July 1970 to accept a position at the University of Kansas at Lawrence.
Raymond Carpenter first came to the University of North Carolina School of Library Science in 1956 as a master's student. He was a lecturer in the school in 1958 and from 1960 to 1968, when he completed his PhD in sociology. He joined the permanent faculty in 1968 as associate professor and became a professor in 1981.
Carpenter enjoyed many highlights throughout his career in library science and his years with the school at UNC. He maintained a research association with the Institute for Research in Social Science, received a Senior Fulbright - Hays Research Fellowship, served as acting dean of the school from 1970 to 1972, and been a delegate for the International Federation of Library Associations.
Carpenter was regarded as a pillar of the profession, as well as of the school. His prodigious research work includes a pioneering national study of gender differences in salary and status and the only national and state level analysis of college library operations in terms of ALA's standards (four-year and two-year). These studies and other published work on public library economics and demographics at the national, regional, and state levels, language translation patterns and international librarianship, and international information transfer reflect his background in the social sciences.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the fall 1992 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Carpenter's retirement.)
A major figure in 20th century American librarianship, Edward Holley has served his chosen profession as library administrator (director of libraries, University of Houston, 1962-1971), library educator (dean & professor, School of Library Science at UNC at Chapel Hill, 1972-1985, and professor thereafter), and library historian.
He has produced over 100 books, articles and essays on topics as diverse as library biography, the history of library education, copyright, library administration, and the place of personal morality in public life. Indefatigable in his service to librarianship, he has served on countless high level committees, worked for accreditation standards, defended the MLS, testified before Congressional committees, and acted as library consultant. As ALA president during turbulent times (1974-1975), he was largely responsible for establishing a federated system for ALA (“every tub on its own bottom”), thereby saving the 100-year-old association from likely financial disaster. While at Houston, he not only oversaw a major addition to the library and a significant enrichment of the collection, but was responsible for hiring Charles D. Churchwell as assistant director for public services, the first black professional on that campus (1967).
As dean of the library school at Chapel Hill, he recruited stellar faculty, established a doctoral program, and expanded the master's program to two years, providing a core curriculum known famously to students during the Holley years as “The Block.” As professor and advisor, he has been an inspiration to his students and has directed a number of significant doctoral dissertations. His own writing is characterized by intellectual rigor, thoroughness, and fair-minded critical assessment.
He has been the recipient of almost every major award his profession can bestow, notable among them the ALA Scarecrow Press Award for his published dissertation, Charles Evans, American Bibliographer (1964); the ALA Melvil Dewey Award (1983); the ALA Joseph Lippincott Award (1987); Distinguished Alumnus Awards (Peabody Library School, Vanderbilt University, 1987; Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, 1988); the Academic/Research Librarian of the Year Award (Association of College and Research Libraries, 1988); and the Beta Phi Mu Award (1992). Holley was named William Rand Kenan, Jr., professor in 1989 and held that distinguished professorship until his retirement at the end of 1995. In 1994, he was honored with a festschrift, For the Good of the Order: Essays in Honor of Edward G. Holley, the title bearing witness to his tireless professional devotion.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from “Interview with Edward G. Holley” by Tommy Nixon, which is appeared on North Carolina Libraries, 56(2), Summer 1998, p.65-70.)
Evelyn Daniel's five-year term was marked by a number of significant accomplishments for the school. Chief among these was the increased breadth of the school's curriculum and research, symbolized by a change in name from the School of Library Science to the School of Information and Library Science and by the addition of two new degrees.
A master's track in information science was initiated in 1988. The post-master's Certificate of Advanced Study was added that same year.
In other changes, six new faculty were appointed. Enrollment increased from 120 matriculated students in 1985 to over 170 in 1990. Sources and amounts of funded research also increased.
The school's facilities were renovated to accommodate its growth and increasing reliance on technology. A new telephone system was installed; and the laboratory, administrative office and some faculty offices were networked. The school's auditorium was converted to an electronic master classroom with new sound and visual systems. Faculty and staff were provided with individual computer workstations. In 1987, the school began offering two-way video teleclasses to a remote site.
Daniel reorganized the administrative offices, added two new professional positions and upgraded four staff positions. She worked with the faculty to develop a Bylaws, Policy and Procedures manual, codifying and clarifying the school's internal governance and standard operating procedures. She also initiated a faculty-led strategic planning process.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Fall 1989 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly after Daniel's retirement.)
“The School of Information and Library Science has soared in quality and size under Dr. Moran's able stewardship,” said Michael Hooker, former UNC at Chapel Hill chancellor, when Barbara Moran announced she was stepping down as a dean after eight years.
“She has added state-of-the-art technical resources, doubled the endowment, brought undergraduates into the school and boosted graduate enrollment. She will be sorely missed in the post of dean, but the university is fortunate that Barbara will continue to share her expertise in the classroom.”
Among improvements during Moran's years as dean was addition of the undergraduate minor program in Fall 1996. Graduate enrollment increased 32 percent during her tenure and three new faculty and three other positions were added. The school maintained its customary high marks from ranking organizations. In 1996, U.S. News & World Report ranked the school second in the nation, tied with the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.
During her years as dean, Moran was a member of the Chancellor's Task Force on Instructional Technology and the Chancellor's Advisory Board on Women's Issues. She also served UNC at Chapel Hill as chair of the search committee for the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and as a member of the search committee for a chief information officer. In March 1996, Moran was named the Association for Library and Information Science Education/H.W. Wilson Scholar to the State Academiy of Culture in St. Petersburg, Russia.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The preceding article was reprinted from the Fall 1997 edition of News from Chapel Hill, the school's newsletter, shortly before Moran's retirement as the Dean.)
"Under Dr. Marshall's leadership, the School of Information and Library Science initiated important educational programs that serve the state, and SILS gained a four-fold increase in research funding," said Provost Robert Shelton when Marshall announced that she was stepping down from the dean's post. "Her contributions have helped the school achieve prominence nationally and internationally. Though her focus will shift, her dedication to the school remains unswerving."
In addition to a new undergraduate degree in information science, SILS initiated dual master's degree programs with Duke Medical School and UNC's schools of business, public health, nursing, government and art history under Marshall's leadership. New international programs were launched to engage scholars in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Singapore and Slovenia. Research funding increased four-fold between 1999 and 2003, six new faculty positions were added and the Ph.D. program more than doubled in enrollment to 49 students. In 2000, U.S. News & World Report ranked the school first in the nation, tied with the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign.
Marshall has received more than 20 research and professional service awards. In May 2004, she assumed an elected position as president of the Medical Library Association. In recognition of her contribution to UNC and the field of information and library science, Provost Shelton awarded Marshall an alumni distinguished professorship. In 2005 she received an honorary doctorate from McGill University. Following a year's sabbatical in 2004-2005, Marshall returned to the school's faculty where she teaches in the areas of research methods, health information and cultural institutions.
José-Marie Griffiths was officially named dean in August 2004 after an extensive search.
Griffiths received a bachelor's degree in physics in 1973 and a Ph.D. in information science in 1977 from University College London.
Griffiths came to Carolina from the University of Pittsburgh, where she has served as professor and held the Doreen E. Boyce Chair in Library and Information Science, the university's first endowed chair in information science, since 2001. She was also an associate with the Learning Research and Development Center and the first director of the university's Sara Fine Institute for Interpersonal Behavior and Technology.
Her research focuses on the design, analysis, integration and economics of systems to create effective and valuable information exchange between people, recorded knowledge and technology. Griffiths' work also covers information retrieval, information system and service evaluation, economics of information, information technology use in higher education, scientific and technical communication, diffusion of information and information and library science education. She has taught graduate classes at several British and U.S. universities on topics including leadership, organization development, information technology integration and digital libraries.
Griffiths has led or participated in information and library science projects in more than 35 countries and has worked extensively with the corporate community on information and library science issues. She has received three awards from the American Society for Information Science and Technology in recognition of her significant contributions to the field.
Griffiths has more than 30 years of experience in teaching and university and information technology administration.
Dr. Barbara B. Moran was appointed interim dean of SILS on May 1, 2009.
"We are fortunate to have someone with Dr. Moran's breadth of academic and leadership experience guide the school while we conduct a search for Dean José-Marie Griffiths' replacement," said Gray-Little. "She is an accomplished scholar and teacher and has provided service to the University on many levels through the years. Dr. Moran also is widely respected for her involvement at the state, regional and national levels in the field of information and library science."
Moran joined the faculty at SILS in 1981 and previously held the position of dean at the School from 1990 to 1998. During her tenure as dean, she enhanced technical resources, added an undergraduate minor program and increased graduate enrollment by 32 percent. She hired the school’s first development director, established the first board of visitors and doubled the school’s endowment. She increased the international involvement of SILS and began the very successful Oxford and Prague Summer Seminars.
Since 1999, Moran has been an active member of the SILS faculty continuing her teaching and research. She has taught primarily in the areas of management and academic librarianship and her research has focused on various aspects of management including leadership, organizational structures and career progression patterns. In addition, she has directed the School’s international programs where she has continued to expand the global outreach of SILS. She also serves as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Chapel Hill Public Library and as a member of the Board of Governors of the UNC Press.
Dr. Gary Marchionini was appointed dean of SILS effective April 1, 2010.
"Gary Marchionini is a distinguished faculty member whose extraordinary academic background is internationally renowned,” said Chancellor Holden Thorp. “He is the ideal person to lead our School of Information and Library Science into this new decade when information and technology have never been more important in our society.”
Added Bruce Carney, executive vice chancellor and provost, "Gary Marchionini knows the School of Information and Library Science and our University exceedingly well. He has the support from within the school to keep it a national leader.”
A Carolina faculty member since 1998, Marchionini heads the school’s Interaction Design Laboratory and chairs its personnel committee. He serves on the Campus Research Computing Committee and has helped lead numerous campus initiatives since arriving at Carolina. In spring 2009, he was nominated by his students and selected as the school’s Outstanding Teacher of the Year.
He is president of the American Society of Information Science and Technology, an international organization of professionals who focus on improving access to information. Marchionini is the chair of the National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine’s Biomedical Library and Informatics Review Committee. He previously was editor-in-chief of the Association for Computing Machinery’s (ACM) “Transactions on Information Systems” from 2002 to 2008, has served on more than a dozen editorial boards and is editor of the Morgan-Claypool book series, “Information Concepts, Retrieval and Services.”
Marchionini has published more than 200 articles, book chapters and technical reports on topics related to digital libraries, information seeking, usability of personal health records, multimedia browsing strategies and personal identity in cyberspace. He has been awarded numerous grants from the National Science Foundation and other foundations, as well as research awards from companies including Microsoft, IBM and Google. He is the author of “Information Seeking in Electronic Environments,” part of a Cambridge University Press series.
Marchionini earned a doctorate in curriculum development, focusing on mathematics education in 1981, and a master’s degree in secondary mathematics education from Wayne State University in 1974. He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and English from Western Michigan University in 1971.
Before arriving at UNC, he was a faculty member at the University of Maryland for 15 years. He served on the faculty and as a researcher at Wayne State from 1978 to 1983 and taught mathematics at the East Detroit Public Schools for seven years.