SILS Doctoral Students Research Day

November 20, 2013

Please join us to learn more about the research doctoral students are investigating during “Research Day” on November 22, 2013. Research Day is an event that gathers doctoral students from the School of Information and Library Science (SILS) to present their research to the SILS community. This year's research day will include lightning talks in the morning followed by longer presentations in the afternoon.

Research Day Schedule
November 22nd, 2013
Manning Hall Room 208


Lightning Talks

10:30 am - Nina Exner
Research Literacy
This presentation will discuss a new conceptual approach to supporting original research. By combining research development with information literacy, this multidisciplinary approach attempts to create a new support concept: research literacy. This approach looks at how the information discovery and use processes are different for original researchers, as compared to searchers trying to find established facts or inform their opinions. Library Science, Sponsored Programs, and Faculty Development approaches come together to inform the nascent concept of “research literacy.”

10:45 am – Anita Crescenzi
Time Pressure, User Satisfaction and Task Difficulty
In this presentation, we explore the question of whether or not perceived time pressure and task difficulty are predictors of users’ satisfaction with their search strategies. We conducted a crowd-sourced user study in which 269 participants completed a total of 600 information-seeking tasks. Based on self-reported data gathered from post-task questionnaires, we found that both perceived time pressure and task difficulty were significant predictors of satisfaction with search strategy. No interaction effect was found. This exploratory analysis suggests that time pressure can influence search processes and is a dimension that should be investigated in more depth. We
propose future research to investigate the impact of time pressure on other contextual factors and search outcome measures.

11:00 am – Angela Murillo
An Examination of Elements that Facilitate or Interfere with Data Sharing and Reuse in
the Sciences

This presentation outlines preliminary proposal plans for dissertation research to examine elements that facilitate or interfere with data sharing and reuse. The presentation includes a brief literature review, a description of previous studies, a preliminary plan for dissertation research, and expected contributions. The proposed research will be conducted in the DataONE community. The research will provide important feedback to DataONE and other organizations creating systems for scientific data and will provide the community an understanding of the factors that need to be addressed when creating infrastructure for scientific data sharing and reuse.

11:15 am – Heather Barnes
Use and perceptions of online digital video repositories in folklore teaching and research
My research, for which I am currently collecting data, aims to explore how folklore scholars use online video collections in their research process, and to place the Folkstreams digital video archive within the context of folklorists’ instructional and research practices. The objective is to inform repository design by exploring the types of information that folklore scholars find useful in research and teaching. Using Folkstreams as an example of an online repository of ethnographic video, the research project will analyze folklorists' information needs and expectations for digital video repositories. The paper will also analyze the principal components of the Folkstreams digital video repository in light of best practices in digital moving image archives.

11:30 am – John D. Martin III
Breaking The Law
This study aims to examine the phenomenon of online forum users disclosing illegal behavior despite the relative likelihood that they can be identified based on information freely available online. Online discussion websites, such as Reddit, provide users with an environment for posting a wide range of disparate topics. “Redditors,” as they are known within the Reddit community, tend to protect their relative anonymity jealously. They largely believe that they are protected by their username within the community itself. A common mode of revenge in the community is “doxing” or the public identification of an individual user with their real-world identity. Despite the dangers associated with being identified, users participating in forums related to illegal behaviors, such as drug use, media piracy and theft, often disclose illegal behaviors in posts and comments, sometimes including pictures. The authors have conceived the study in two stages: 1) purposive sample and coding of posts and comments related to illegal acts in order to identify the behaviors associated with disclosure, and 2) assessment of the relative ease or difficulty in identifying a given user based on information disclosed. The research is presently in the first stage: this lightning talk will discuss sampling, methods of analysis, and a timeline to completion.

11:45 am - Sarah Ramdeen
Practice talk: ESIP’s PCCS Use Cases: Developing Examples and Models for Data Stewardship
This presentation will be an overview of a poster I am presenting at this year’s American Geophysical Union meeting. I am representing the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP)’s Data Stewardship Committee. We have been working on use cases for the emerging Provenance and Context Content Standard (PCCS). These use cases address stewardship of earth science data and we are working on developing a set which will represent the full data lifecycle as well as a template for future examples. The goal of the poster presentation is to expand the stakeholder participation in this project. More information about the ESIP use case activities can be found on the DSC wiki -

12:00 pm – CRADLE Talk - Carol Meyer
ESIP Federation: Connecting Communities for Advancing Data, Systems, Human & Organizational Interoperability
The Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) is a broad-based, distributed community of science, data and information technology practitioners who drive emerging trends both within and beyond the Earth science community.  Formed in 1998 with 24 members, the ESIP Federation now counts more than 150 member organizations among its ranks. Throughout its history, the ESIP Federation has brought together public, academic, commercial, and non-governmental organizations to enrich the exchange of knowledge, technology and best practices. This interconnectedness improves opportunities for increasing access, discovery, integration and usability of Earth science data across users and systems. These community efforts have resulted in recent consensus guidelines for data stewardship, data citation and the promotion of a study by the National Research Council on Research Priorities for the Science Data Enterprise.

Full Presentations
1:00 pm – Amanda Click
Ethical Use of Information: Arab Students’ Perspectives
This study explores the academic integrity perceptions of Egyptian undergraduate students at an American-style private university in the Middle East. The study was designed to uncover how these students perceive the scholarly environment in which they learn, if they engage in dishonest behaviors, and if so, why. Data was collected via online survey and photovoice interviews, an ethnographic method in which participants take photographs in response to prompts. Students indicate that their colleagues engage in academically dishonest behavior regularly, and pointed to poor time management, pressure for high grades, and helping friends as reasons for making these choices.

1:30 pm – Laura Sheble
Research synthesis and information and library science: Shared research problems, limited diffusion
Interests of researchers who engage with research synthesis methods (RSM) intersect with information and library science (ILS) research and practice. Despite this overlap, engagement with RSM appears to be confined to ILS communities associated with health and medical information, and the evidence-based librarianship (EBL) movement. This paper outlines interests and research problems shared by researchers who engage in research synthesis and information and library scientists; outlines the diffusion of research synthesis in ILS, and describes how engagement with RSM has differed in three subfields of "Information Science and Library Science".

2:00 – Emily Vardell & Kathy Brennan
File Synchronization and Sharing: User Practices and Challenges
In today’s computing landscape, users face many choices and challenges in managing files and other personal digital information across computers, devices, and groups of collaborators. In this paper, we present results of 16 in-depth interviews of professionals identified as using technology synchronization and sharing methods as an important part of their daily work activities. The results from this examination of how users currently manage file synchronization and sharing show that individuals use different syncing and sharing strategies for work-personal separation, accessing files, syncing across devices, and collaborating with colleagues. The interviewees also identified common problems and considerations that dictate choice of syncing and sharing strategy, including privacy and security concerns, size of data, policies, confidence in technology, and mental effort. The results of this study could be used to understand users' needs and improve syncing and sharing technology.

2:30 – Kathy Brennan
Upcoming Study on the Impact of Cognitive Abilities on Information Seeking, Mental
Effort and Search Outcomes in Complex Tasks using the Standard Search Interface
The basic Google search page – an empty text box in the middle of the bare page – is a design based on a paradigm that prioritizes simplicity as the highest good for the average person (Hearst 2009). Unfortunately, it is unclear who this average person is. One approach to understanding the average person is to investigate possible relationships between search behaviors and the cognitive abilities of the searcher. This presentation provides information related to a study that is about to get underway. The purpose of the study is to explore the limitations of the standard search interface by examining how cognitive abilities impact search behavior, mental workload and search performance on complex search tasks by participants from the general public.

3:00 pm - Heejun Kim
Credibility Assessment of Volunteered Geographic Information for Emergency Management: A Bayesian Network Modeling Approach
An emerging paradigm of volunteered geographic information (VGI) was resulted from recent advances of GPS equipped mobile devices, and the amount of geographic information and its promptness has been dramatically increased with the participation of volunteers. Although there are many fields and opportunities that can utilize the capabilities of VGI, conventional quality control processes are often not applicable to VGI. Therefore, it is essential to balance the prompt availability of VGI with the unverified character of its contents. For this purpose, a credibility model
approach measuring the credibility of VGI is developed. For a plausible inference of credibility, a computational credibility model was constructed based on a Bayesian network (BN).

3:30 pm - Kaitlin Costello
Information seeking and information disclosure in online support groups for kidney patients
My dissertation is a grounded theory study focusing on information seeking and disclosure in online support groups for people with chronic kidney disease. I have completed 9 interviews with 7 participants – all patients with chronic kidney disease at a point of transition in their illness - and am planning to interview about 20-25 people total. I am also looking at the content they post on the forums, and may collect other data as necessary. This presentation outlines my dissertation proposal, data collection, and data analysis to date.

4:00 pm – Gabriele Pätsch
Users' Affective Experiences in Online Searching
This presentation will present models and theories about emotions in general as well as in information seeking. It will also present methodological approaches to the measurement of emotions. Additionally, it will give an overview about the ongoing qualitative interview data collection of the presenter. The research project explores cross-­‐cultural differences between the U.S. and Germany in respect to the affective experience of online searching.

4:30 pm – Ashlee Edwards
The Effect of Alternative Search Interfaces on Reported and Physiological Measures of
Information retrieval has long focused on speed and ease of retrieving results, without considering the consequences of reducing obstacles and potential skill-building opportunities during web search. The current model is of a “one size fits most” interface that requires the user to enter queries in a single space and then parse through the results. However, many studies have observed that standard search interfaces can be sources of stress and frustration. This talk will cover the design of a study on the effects of an alternative search interface on physiological and reported measures of stress and retention. I will discuss the use of the BioPac, a device that measures physiological signals, the Short Stress State Questionnaire and the ways in which the alternative search interface may promote greater learning and retention.