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Christopher (Cal) Lee

Professor, UNC School of Information and Library Science

Christopher (Cal) Lee


(919) 962-7024



Manning Hall - 212

Christopher (Cal) Lee


Archives, digital preservation, digital forensics, electronic records management.


BA, Albion College
MS, PhD, University of Michigan School of Information


Dr. Christopher (Cal) Lee is a Professor at the UNC School of Information and Library Science (SILS), a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists (SAA), and former editor of The American Archivist. He teaches archival administration, records management, digital curation, understanding information technology for managing digital collections, and digital forensics.

He is currently Principal Investigator (PI) for the Review, Appraisal, and Triage of Mail (RATOM) project, and previously led the BitCurator, BitCurator Access, and BitCurator NLP projects, which developed and disseminated open-source digital forensics tools for use by libraries, archives, and museums (LAMS). He was also co-PI for OSSArcFlow(link is external), a project led by SILS and the Educopia Institute, to research, devise, and test strategies for implementing three leading open source software (OSS) technologies, the BitCurator environment, ArchivesSpace, and Archivematica.

Dr. Lee’s primary area of research is the curation of digital collections, particularly the professionalization of this work and the diffusion of existing tools and methods into professional practice. He developed “A Framework for Contextual Information in Digital Collections,” and edited and provided several chapters for I, Digital: Personal Collections in the Digital Era, published by the Society of American Archivists.


INLS 465 – Understanding Information Technology for Managing Digital Collections
INLS 561: Digital Forensics for the Curation of Digital Collections


Society of American Archivists (SAA) Fellow – 2017
Frances Carroll McColl Term Professor – 2013-15


Post, Colin, Christopher A. Lee, Katherine Skinner, Yinglong Zhang, Alex Chassanoff, Sam Mesiter, and Andrew Rabkin. “OSSArcFlow: Modeling Digital Curation Workflows.” In Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries. New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery, 2019.

Lee, Christopher A. “Computer-Assisted Appraisal and Selection of Archival Materials.” In Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, 2721-2724. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018.

Chassanoff, Alexandra, Kam Woods and Christopher Lee. “Digital Preservation Metadata Practice for Disk Image Access.” In Digital Preservation Metadata for Practitioners, edited by Angela Dappert, Rebecca Squire Guenther, and Sébastian Peyrard, 99-109. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2016.

Lee, Christopher A., Porter Olsen, Alexandra Chassanoff, Kam Woods, Matthew Kirschenbaum, and Sunitha Misra. “From Code to Community: Building and Sustaining BitCurator through Community Engagement.” September 30, 2014.

Misra, Sunitha, Christopher A. Lee, and Kam Woods. “A Web Service for File-Level Access to Disk Images.” Code4Lib Journal 25 (2014).

Lee, Christopher A. “Up Close and Personal: Individual Digital Traces as Cultural Heritage and Discovery through Forensics Tools.” In Proceedings of PATCH, February 24, 2014, Haifa, Israel. New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery, 2014.

Lee, Christopher A., Kam Woods, Matthew Kirschenbaum, and Alexandra Chassanoff. “From Bitstreams to Heritage: Putting Digital Forensics into Practice in Collecting Institutions.” September 30, 2013.

Woods, Kam, Christopher Lee, and Sunitha Misra. “Automated Analysis and Visualization of Disk Images and File Systems for Preservation.” In Proceedings of Archiving 2013 (Springfield, VA: Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2013), 239-244. [Proceedings version][Preprint]

Lee, Christopher A., and Kam Woods. “Automated Redaction of Private and Personal Data in Collections: Toward Responsible Stewardship of Digital Heritage.” In Proceedings of Memory of the World in the Digital Age: Digitization and Preservation: An International Conference on Permanent Access to Digital Documentary Heritage, 26-28 September 2012, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, edited by Luciana Duranti and Elizabeth Shaffer, 298-313: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2013.

Lee, Christopher A. “Archival Application of Digital Forensics Methods for Authenticity, Description and Access Provision.” Comma 2, no. 14 (2012): 133-139.

Lee, Christopher A. “Digital Curation as Communication Mediation.” In Handbook of Technical Communication, edited by Alexander Mehler, Laurent Romary, and Dafydd Gibbon, 507-530.  Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, 2012.

Lee, Christopher A. and Helen Tibbo. “Preparing for Digital Curation Governance: Educating Stewards of Public Information.” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, Albany, New York, United States, 22-25 October 2012, 171-174. Edited by J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Natalie Helbig, and Adegboyega Ojo. New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery, 2012.

Lee, Christopher A. “States of Sustainability: A Review of State Projects funded by the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP).” Report to the U.S. Library of Congress. March 2012.

Lee, Christopher A., ed. I, Digital: Personal Collections in the Digital Era (Chicago, IL: Society of American Archivists, 2011). [Editor of volume and contributor of three chapters]

Lee, Christopher A. “A Framework for Contextual Information in Digital Collections.” Journal of Documentation 67, no.1 (2011): 95-143.